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Ada Byron King (1815 - 1852), English: the first computer programmer (1843)
Charles Babbage (1791 – 1871), English: invented the precursor of the modern computer, the Analytical Engine in 1837.
Alan Turing (1912 – 1954), English: theoretical groundwork for the first computer and artificial intelligenc: the Turing machine in 1936.
John W. Mauchly (1907 – 1980), American: co-inventor, with John Eckert, of the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) in 1943.
Konrad Zuse (1910–1995), German: Built the first functional tape-stored-program-controlled computer, the Z3, in 1941.
George Boole (1815 - 1864): formalized Boolean algebra, the basis for digital logic and computer science
Tim Berners-Lee (1955 - ): invented worldwide web (with Robert Cailliau), sent first HTTP communication between client and server in 1990
Vannevar Bush (1890 - 1974): Analogue computing pioneer. Originator of the Memex concept, which led to the development of Hypertext int the 1930s.
Marvin Minsky (1927 - ), American: Co-founder of Artificial Intelligence Lab at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
John von Neumann (1903 - 1957), Hungarian-American: Devised the von Neumann architecture upon which most modern computers are based in 1945.
Dennis Ritchie (1941 - 2011), American: Pioneered (with Ken Thompson) the C programming language and the UNIX computer operating system at Bell Labs in 1967.
Alan Turing (1912 - 1954), English: the Turing machine computational model, and ACE design.
Maurice Wilkes (1913 - 2010), British: Built the first practical stored program computer (EDSAC) in 1949.
Bill Gates (1955 - ), American: chairman of Microsoft
Steven Jobs (1955 – 2011), American: co-founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Apple Inc.
Donald Knuth (1938 - ), American: analysis of algorithms
Steve Wozniak (1950 - ), American: founded Apple Inc. with Steve Jobs and Ronald Wayne in 1976.
Herman Hollerith (1860-1929) – invented recording of data on a machine readable medium, using punched cards in 1884.
John George Kemeny (1926 – 1992), Hungarian-American: co-developed the BASIC programming language in 1964 with Thomas E. Kurtz.
Bjarne Stroustrup (1950 - ), Danish: development of the C++ programming language in 1985.
Gordon Moore (1929 - ), American: the co-founder and Chairman of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's Law (1965).
Ken Thompson (1943 - ), American: the B programming language, Unix
Computer Scientists - Middle/High School Level
Pioneers of Computing Biographies - The History of Computing Project
Computer Scientists - Fact Monster
Computer History Collection - Smithsonian
The 2000 Computer Hall of Fame
Computer Scientists - High School Level
People and Pioneers
Computer Pioneers - Slider
Computer Science Timelines
Timeline of Computer History - Computer History Museum
A Brief History of Computing
An Illustrated History of Computers - Computer Science Lab
Computer Programming Language History
A History of the Computer - PBS
Timeline of Computing History - computer.org
History of Word Processors - University of Maryland
Historical Firsts in Computing 1939-1981
Chronology of Personal Computers
Computer Science History and Scientists on Stamps and Images
Computer history - In a Different Way - University of Ljubljana
The Obsolete Computer Museum
The Museum of HP Calculators - HP